A project of ISME’s History Standing Committee
Guido d’Arezzo
Guidonian Hand
ISME Website History Standing Committee IHME Homepage KOSOVO - Key Reference  Kosovo: A struggle for freedom and national identity by Besa Luzha   This book chapter is a key reference for the historical development of music education in Kosovo. It was published as Chapter 5 in The Origins and Foundations of Music Education: International Perspectives, edited by Gordon Cox and Robin Stevens.  This book is available in hardcopy, paperback and eBook editions and was published by Bloomsbury International, London in 2016.     For details of these editions, click on the appropriate icon below to go to the following link:             Bloomsbury Academic -  The book is also available from other suppliers including Amazon, Google Books, Book Repository, etc.   The following list of references utilised by the author in the writing of this chapter may be a useful source of information for scholars and researchers interested in the history of music education in Kosovo.   Babuna, A. (2000), ‘The Albanians of Kosovo and Macedonia: Ethnic Identity Superseding Religion’, Nationalities Papers, 28 (1), 67–92. Bacevic, J. (2014), From class to identity: the politics of education reforms in former Yugoslavia, Budapest: Central European University Press. Bartlett, B., Power, D. and Blatch, P. (2004), ‘Education in a Recovering Nation: Renewing Special Education in Kosovo’, Exceptional Children 70 (4), 485–95. Bassuener, K. and Weber, B. (2013), ‘Not Yet a Done Deal: Kosovo and the Prishtina-Belgrade Agreement’, Democratization Policy Council Policy Paper, November, (accessed 8 September 2015). Bieber, F. and Daskalovski, Ž. (2003), Understanding the war in Kosovo, London: Psychology Press. Berisha, E. (2004), Studime dhe vėshtrime pėr muzikėn (Studies and analysis of music), Prishtinė: ASHAK. Bjelic, D. I. and  Savic, O. (eds.) (2002), Balkan as metaphor: Between globalisation and fragmentation, Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Blumi, I. (2002), ‘The Role of Education in the Formation of Albanian Identity and its Myths’, in S. Schwander-Sievers and B.J. Fischer (eds), Albanian Identities: Myth and History, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, pp. 49–60. Clark, H. (2000), Civil resistance in Kosovo, London: Pluto Press. Cowen.R. (2000), ‘Comparing futures or comparing pasts?’, Comparative Education, 36 (3), 333–42. Crick, R.D. (2008), ‘Key Competencies for Education in a European Context: narratives of accountability or care’, European Educational Research Journal, 7(3), 311–8. Education Scotland (2015), ‘The purpose of curriculum’, (accessed 16 September 2015). Filaj, L. (1935), Mėsimi i muzikės pėr shkolla tė mesme. Pjesa e pare (Teaching music in secondary school), Tiranė: Shkodra.  Fullan, M.G. (1993), ‘Why Teachers Must Become Change Agents’, The Professional Teacher, 50, (6), 12–7. Glenny, M. (2001), The Balkans: Nationalism, War and The Great Powers (1804-1999), New York: Penguin Books. Goddard, T. (2008), ‘Educational leadership development in Kosovo’, in M. Brundrett and M. Crawford (eds), Developing School Leaders: An International Perspective, London and New York: Taylor and Francis, pp. 69–90. Gundara, J.and Peffers, J. (2005), Quality Education for All in Kosovo, Prishtina: UNICEF. Judah, T. (2002), Kosovo: War and Revenge, New Haven: Yale University Press. Judah, T. (2008), Kosovo What Everyone Needs to Know, New York: Oxford University Press. Keller, S.M. (2007), ‘Why is music so ideological, and why do totalitarian states take it so seriously?’: A personal view from history and the social sciences’, Journal of Musicological Research, 26, (2–3), 91–122. Kiossev, A. (2002) ‘The Dark Intimacy: Maps, Identities, Acts of Identifications’, in D.I. Bjelic and O.Savic (eds), Balkan as Metaphor, Between globalisation and fragmentation, Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, pp. 165–91. Koci, A.M. 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(2015), ‘Music education in post-war Kosovo: generalist and specialist teachers' identities, beliefs and practices’ (unpublished doctoral dissertation, University College London, Institute of Education). Malcolm, N. (1998), Kosovo: a short history, London: MacMillan. MEST (2001), The New Kosovo Curriculum Framework, (accessed 10 June 2015). MEST (2005), Programi mesimor per klasen e V. Edukata muzikore (Learning programme for grade V. Music Education), Prishtinė: Libri Shkollor. MEST. (2011), Curriculum Framework for Pre-University Education in the Republic of Kosovo, Prishtinė, (accessed 10 June 2015). Ministria e Arsimit (1925), Libėr kangėsh pėr shkollat popullore tė Shqipnis/mbledhun e rreshtuem prej Hil Mosit,Ble I. Kangė nji, dy e tre zanėsh (Singing book for national schools of Albania/collected and edited from Hil Mosi. Book I. Songs in one, two and three voices), Tiranė: Vlora. Misha, P. (2002), ‘Invention of a Nationalism: Myth and Amnesia’, in S. Schwander-Sievers and B.J. 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