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ISME Website History Standing Committee IHME Homepage JOHN HULLAH (1812-1884) - WILHEM’S [FIXED DO] METHOD OF TEACHING SINGING ADAPTED FOR ENGLISH USE  John Pyke Hullah, English composer and teacher of music, was born at Worcester. He was a pupil of William Horsley from 1829, and entered the Royal Academy of Music in 1833. For bilgraphical details, go to the following Wikipedia entry:                                                                                                                                                     John Hullah (1812-1884)          Brief Summary of Hullah’s method  Hullah’s fixed do solmisation method was promoted in English choral singing and elementary schools. John Hullah’s method was based on a system adapted from that promoted by the French music teacher Guillaume Louis Boquillan Wilhem. This method employed the fixed do solmisation principle—namely, the syllables do, re, mi, fa, so,l la and si were applied to the C major scale (with C always being do) as a mnemonic system for reading staff notation.  Hullah published his method in a manual entitled Wilhem’s Method of Teaching Singing Adapted for English Use in 1841 and produced a series of teaching aids, all of which were officially sanctioned by the British Committee of Council on Education and adopted by the Irish National Schools Board. Hullah also employed a mnemonic system of time names to facilitate rhythm reading. However, as explained in Figure 1, the comparatively complex system of fixed solmisation in which the vowel of the respective sol-fa names changed to accommodate chromatic alterations to the syllable names in keys other than C major. Unlike many of the other teaching methods based on the solmisation principle, Hullah’s approach did not include the placement of sol-fa syllables under staff notation as a mnemonic aid. Students of this method were expected to apply the system to keys outside that of C major as well as to any accidentals encountered.        Page xv from Hullah’s Wilhem's Method of Teaching Singing, adapted to English Use under Supervision of Committee of Council on Education (J.W. Parker, London 1841) outlining his application of sol-fa to sight singing.   Reference Sources  Chapter 9 ‘The Singing School for Teachers: John Hullah’ in Bernarr Rainbow, The Land without Music: Musical Education in England 1800-1860 and it Continental Antecedents  (London: Novello and Company Limited, 1967), pp.124-138.  Chapter 28 ‘John Hullah, Wilhem’s Method of Teaching Singing Adapted for English Use, 1842’ in Bernarr Rainbow, Four Centuries of Music Teaching Manual 1518-1932 (Woodbridge, UK: The Boydell Press, 2009), pp. 204-211. ISME Website History Standing Committee IHME Homepage Copyright © 2014 History Standing Committee, International Society for Music Education (ISME)